The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence took place between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies relied on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated because the official repository of mail from the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Box Near Me inside the colonies, some of which remain around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of brand new York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became referred to as Old Boston Post Road, which can be a part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was thing about this rider’s trail and it is considered one of the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania along with a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to a different.
Above all, Thomas Neale received a twenty-1 year grant in 1691 from the British Crown to begin with a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of New Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America up to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt as a result of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights for the North American postal service from the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 as he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who has been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed from the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for that colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man called John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, serving until the outbreak from the Revolutionary War.
During his time as being a Joint Postmaster General for the Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. He immediately started to reorganize the service; he inspected Usps Liteblue inside the North and as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were laid out. The first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York City, and also the travel time was shortened by 50 percent.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. It was separate from the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be utilized to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that the colonies combine to form a United Postal Service. He considered that this could be a means to separate the colonies’ mail through the British postal inspectors. This way they could communicate colonial news just to the colonies. Goddard proposed his notion of a postal company to Congress 2 yrs before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties by the Crown for his actions. The crown considered that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the cause of the colonies. In September 1774, soon after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies begun to outside of England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to build an unbiased government. One of the primary questions before the delegates was how you can convey and provide the mail.
With all the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications involving the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin since the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment in the organization that took over as the Post Office Hours nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus to the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself within this position, as well as many others, to fulfill George Washington’s dream of an information highway between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we could forever be bound together with a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail in between the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line from the system Franklin created, planned, and positioned in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the basis from the postal service which has performed magnificently for the American people.